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Antecedents of Standards Compliance for the Internationalization of Kenyan Horticulture

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dc.contributor.author Kabano, Gaetan
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-04T13:12:39Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-04T13:12:39Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri http://erepo.usiu.ac.ke/11732/4006
dc.description A Dissertation Report Submitted to the Chandaria School of Business in partial fulfilment of the Requirement of the award of the Degree of Doctorate in Business Administration (DBA) en_US
dc.description.abstract The objective of this study was to investigate the antecedents of standards compliance for the internationalisation of Kenyan horticulture. This was achieved by answering to specific objectives related to the influence of exporters’ awareness of standards compliance and exporters’ competences; input use, technology use, and infrastructure on the internationalisation of Kenyan horticulture with the moderating role of regulatory framework. This study was mainly anchored on the Competitive Advantage of Nation’s model and was guided by a positivism research philosophy. A descriptive and explanatory research design was applied by utilising qualitative and quantitative approaches. The population of the study was made of 161 ordinary members of the Fresh Produce Exporters Association of Kenya (FPEAK) who were registered by March 2017.The sample population was 115 units guided by Yamane’s (1967) formula. A stratified random sampling was used to pick the sample units and a semi-structured questionnaire, an interview guide and a focus group guide were used to collect data. The pilot study was conducted to test the reliability and validity of the data collection tools. The quantitative data was entered in statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) for analysis and the statistics generated were descriptive and inferential statistics. The descriptive statistics included percentages and frequencies while the inferential statistics included Pearson Correlation and linear regression model. Qualitative data were processed and analysed following thematic approach. The findings from this study showed a very weak positive and not statistically significant effect of exporters’ awareness of standards compliance on the internationalisation of Kenyan horticulture. They also indicated a very weak positive and not statistically significant effect of exporters ‘competences on the internationalisation of Kenyan horticulture. Besides, the results revealed a moderate positive effect and statistically significant of input use on the internationalisation of Kenyan horticulture. The findings of the study also indicated a moderate positive and statistically significant effect on technology use on the internationalisation of Kenyan horticulture. In addition, the results revealed a very weak positive effect and statistically significant of infrastructure on the internationalisation of Kenyan horticulture. Finally, the study indicated that the interaction between antecedents of standards compliance and regulatory framework was not statistically significant. Based on the findings of this study, it was concluded that exporters’ awareness of standards compliance and exporters’ competences had no significant influence on the internationalisation of Kenyan horticulture. However, input use, technology use and the infrastructure had a significant influence on the internationalisation of Kenyan horticulture. Finally, the regulatory framework played no significant moderating role between the antecedents of standards compliance and the internationalisation of Kenyan horticulture. Considering the findings and the conclusions of this study, it is recommended to make available and accessible to the public information related to agricultural good practices for all categories of horticulture farming in order to comply with standards. A better coordination of the trainings and a comprehensive training program in horticulture farming should be established at the national level. The controlling system of certificates should be revised to avoid requesting several certificates standing for the same purpose. A systematic risk assessment should be mandatory for horticulture faming, and alternative methods of water management developed and disseminated. Controlling mechanisms to ensure that subsidies to fertilisers and pesticides lead to affordability of products and an efficient monitoring system of illegal and counterfeit products should be put in place. Producers and exporters in horticulture should be regularly updated on the new technologies related to use of pesticide and fertilisers, harvesting, sorting, grading and packaging system. Areas with potential of horticulture farming not currently accessible should be opened up by new roads and the distribution of electricity should continue with more emphasis on the alternative sources of energy such as green energy. Horticulture farming intended to export should be included into the proposed Special Economic Zones (SEZs) in order to benefit from the incentives given by the government.The institutions in charge of controlling the standards compliance in horticulture should act also as facilitators to assist producers and exporters improve the quality of their produce. In addition, more strictness is required before issuance of certificate of export. Further research should be carried out on the same topic of Kenyan horticulture, focusing on the standards compliance in the local market or looking at other factors influencing the dynamic of the international market for the Kenyan horticulture. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher United States International University - Africa en_US
dc.subject Antecedents en_US
dc.subject Standards Compliance en_US
dc.subject Internationalisation en_US
dc.subject Kenyan Horticulture en_US
dc.title Antecedents of Standards Compliance for the Internationalization of Kenyan Horticulture en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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