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Occurrence of Tributyltin Compounds and Characteristics of Heavy Metals.

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dc.contributor.author Naumih, Noah
dc.contributor.author Sheikh, M. A.
dc.contributor.author Tsuha, K.
dc.contributor.author Oomori, T.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-09-30T10:01:54Z
dc.date.available 2015-09-30T10:01:54Z
dc.date.issued 2007
dc.identifier.issn 1735-1472
dc.identifier.uri http://erepo.usiu.ac.ke/11732/1159
dc.description A journal article by Dr. Naumih M. Noah a lecturer at United States International University - Africa. en_US
dc.description.abstract Surface sediment samples were collected from Tanzanian major commercial ports and studied for the distribution and behavior of tributyltin (TBT) compounds and heavy metals. The content of TBT in sediments ranged from ND-3670 ng (Sn) g1dry wt (1780 ± 1720) (Mean ± SD) at Zanzibar and from ND-16700 ng (Sn)g1 dry wt (4080 ± 7540) at Dar es Salaam ports, respectively. Maximum TBT levels were detected inside the both ports. Metabolic degradation of butyltin compounds (BTCs) showed that MBT + DBT > TBT %, this may be attributed by the warm ambient water and intense sunlight in the tropical regions. A sequential extraction procedure was undertaken to provide detailed chemical characteristics of heavy metals in the sediments. The procedure revealed that about 50 % of Fe in the both ports is in immobile fraction (residual fraction) while other metals; Cd, Cu, Ni, Co, Zn, Pb, and Mn were mostly found in exchangeable or carbonate fractions and thus can be easily remobilized and enter the aquatic food chain. This paper provides basic information of TBT compounds contamination and chemical characteristics of heavy metals in the marine ecosystem in Tanzania. To our knowledge, this is the first documentation of Organotin compounds (OTCs) in marine environments in East Africa and suggests the importance of further detailed OTCs studies in other sub-Saharan Africa regions. en_US
dc.publisher International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology en_US
dc.subject TBT en_US
dc.subject heavy metals en_US
dc.subject sequential extraction en_US
dc.subject OTCs en_US
dc.subject port en_US
dc.subject Zanzibar en_US
dc.subject Dar es Salaam en_US
dc.title Occurrence of Tributyltin Compounds and Characteristics of Heavy Metals. en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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