Challenges in the Implementation of Strategic Plans by Secondary Schools in Laikipia County In Kenya

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dc.contributor.author Kanja, Dennis
dc.date.accessioned 2018-09-25T07:55:20Z
dc.date.available 2018-09-25T07:55:20Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri http://erepo.usiu.ac.ke/11732/3968
dc.description A Research Project Report Submitted to the Chandaria School of Business in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Degree of Master of Business Administration (MBA) en_US
dc.description.abstract The aim of the study was to identify the challenges facing secondary schools in Laikipia County in implementing school strategic plans and to establish how they attempted to overcome these challenges. This study was guided by research questions that set out to explore, and these were: Why is the significance of strategic management important in modern organizations? What are the critical issues in implementation of school strategic plans by secondary schools in Laikipia County? And what are some of the ways in which problems of implementation can be solved? The study adopted a cross sectional survey design that aimed at providing data on the entire population under study. The population of the study were all the secondary schools in Laikipia County, and as at 31st December 2017, they were 96 secondary schools. The study would focus on one employee who would either be a principal, deputy principal, or head of department from each school. This gave the study a population of 96 respondents. Provided the population involved, the study used a census in determining the sample size, meaning all respondents were included in the study. A structured questionnaire was used to collect the primary data. Descriptive statistics such as means, percentages and frequency distributions were used to describe the responses. Inferential statistics was also used to determine, the nature of relationship between the study variables. Presentation of the results was done using figures and tables. The study showed that Laikipian schools used strategic management to achieve and maintain their competitive advantage, and they also had formal planning systems that contributed to the development of strategies. These schools used strategic planning to respond to changing demographics while staying within their funding boxes, and the school communities had embraced the idea that strategic planning was best accomplished with the inclusion of their surrounding community. The study indicates that lack of resources was a significant factor that affected the implementation of strategic plans in Laikipian schools since they operated with inadequate resources due to poor funding. The success of strategic plans in these schools was based on the level of participation of all stakeholders who were charged with the responsibility of implementation, and misplacement of priorities and lack of understanding of the strategy by leaders had not been a recipe for failure in the schools. The study revealed that strategic plans sprung from an assessment of the school’s situation, and the schools had the ability to stick to their long-term strategy, and had resources to unlock short-term revenue growth. Alignment of their executive style and strategy was crucial for the schools in pursuing change and innovation, while opportunistic planning had allowed the schools to be flexible and open in terms of making changes to their strategic planning processes. The study concludes that strategic mangers in these schools always ensured that the schools’ new strategies were implemented effectively and efficiently, and the implementation processes involved deliberate plans of creating a variety of fits that brought the schools’ conduct of internal operations into good alignment with set strategies, while the organizational structure specified the accomplishment of given tasks, while their organizational controls provided alignment to these tasks according to their strategic intent. The study recommends the governors of Laikipia secondary schools to ensure that there is compatibility between strategy and the school culture in order to minimize resistance to change from employees and the surrounding community which may frustrate strategy implementation. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher United States International University - Africa en_US
dc.subject Implementation en_US
dc.subject Secondary Schools en_US
dc.subject Laikipia County en_US
dc.subject Kenya en_US
dc.title Challenges in the Implementation of Strategic Plans by Secondary Schools in Laikipia County In Kenya en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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