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The Effects of External Environmental Factors on Strategy Implementation of Donor Funded Projects in Somalia: A Case of the International Organization for Migration (IOM)

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dc.contributor.author Njenga, James
dc.date.accessioned 2017-06-07T08:05:47Z
dc.date.available 2017-06-07T08:05:47Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.uri http://erepo.usiu.ac.ke/11732/3221
dc.description A Research Project Report Submitted to the School of Business in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Masters in Business Administration (MBA) en_US
dc.description.abstract Strategy implementation is an important component of the strategic management process. Unfortunately for the donor funded community working in Somalia, strategy implementation is characterized by very high failure rates. Many of the organizations are experiencing challenges during the implementation stage of projects that are aimed at helping the Somali people regain their footing. These challenges can be attributed to both the internal environment and the external environmental factors that are at play in Somalia. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the external environment factors on strategic implementation of donor funded projects in Somalia with a focus on the International Organization for Migration (IOM) mission in Somalia. The study was guided by research questions that investigate three important points; how political factors affect strategy implementation of projects in Somalia, how technological factors affect strategy implementation of projects in Somalia and finally how social factors affect strategy implementation of projects in Somalia. The research design was descriptive in nature focusing on the International Organization for Migration (IOM), specifically its Mogadishu and Hargeisa offices. Stratified sampling technique was used to select the sample in which forty-five (45) respondents representing the whole population of staff who work in the aforementioned offices. The staff included management and non-management staff categorized into three levels; management staff, implementation staff and support staff. Information was collected using a questionnaire developed by the researcher. Data was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and results presented in tables and graphs. The study found out that the three factors namely political, technological and social, all had different levels of impact on the implementation of projects in Somalia. The most impactful external environment factor was technology. Increased internet access in Somalia, increase in the use of mobile phones and adaptation of ICT by donor organizations all played vital parts in determining the success or failure of project implementation by donor organizations in Somalia. Political factors were ranked as the second most impactful factors. The study found that donor organizations should be aware of the local politics of the area they are operating in so as to be aware, and possibly prevent, political roadblocks that may be put in their way. Closely related to this the organizations are also encouraged to foster positive government relations both with the local government and the federal government. This would go a long way in ensuring that the organization is able to implement its projects in an effective fashion. The findings indicated that social factors were the least impactful of the three factors. This does not by any means dampen their importance since the findings also revealed a positive correlation between social factors and technological factors and social factors and political factors underpinning their relative importance. Donor organizations are encouraged to be familiar with the clans in their community, to be sensitive to religious beliefs and also learn Somali culture. Managing these social factors will ensure the organization will be able to work in harmony with the community. The study concludes that the external environment cannot be ignored if a donor organization operating in Somalia is striving for maximum effectiveness whilst executing its projects. Political factors, technological factors and social factors are all present in varying degrees and all have to be managed with different strategies. Political and technological factors may be more visible than social factors however the donor organization is advised to manage all three factors since they are all intertwined in their ability to negatively affect the organization’s operations. The study recommends that donor organizations should create relationships with the communities they serve, with the local government and with the federal government. The study also recommends that the donor organizations be keenly aware of technological advancements in the tech world with a view of adapting technologies to further enhance their operations. The study also recommends that further research be carried out by other donor organizations and furthermore in other areas beyond Mogadishu and Hargeisa so as to eventually get an accurate picture of the country as a whole. en_US
dc.publisher United States International University - Africa en_US
dc.subject External Environmental Factors en_US
dc.subject Donor Funded Projects in Somalia en_US
dc.subject International Organization for Migration (IOM) en_US
dc.title The Effects of External Environmental Factors on Strategy Implementation of Donor Funded Projects in Somalia: A Case of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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