Post Colonial Politics in Kenya

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dc.contributor.author Onyango, Moses
dc.date.accessioned 2016-12-16T13:55:59Z
dc.date.available 2016-12-16T13:55:59Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.isbn 978-2-86978-602-8
dc.identifier.uri http://erepo.usiu.ac.ke/11732/3070
dc.description A Book chapter by Dr. Moses Onyango in a Book Edited by Prof. Kenneth Omeje en_US
dc.description.abstract Politics in developing countries are influenced by their precolonial heritage, (sic) colonial and postcolonial experiences (James Chiriyankandath, quoted in Burnell & Randall 2008:38). There are three important pillars in the debate on postcolonial politics in Kenya: the precolonial pillar (also known as the traditional pillar), the colonial pillar, and the postcolonial pillar. This chapter examines the three pillars within the framework of contending discourses on postcolonialism. Proponents of the modernization theory (a highly influential intellectual discourse in colonial history) argue that developing countries can only achieve effective development by more or less following the developmental processes, policies and strategies that the developed Western countries went through. Exponents like Rostow (1960) and Organsky (1965) have propounded the stages of development supposedly applicable to every society, further arguing that ‘development’ and ‘underdevelopment’ a reproducts of internal conditions that differ between economies. Two distinct engines of postcolonialism emanate from the modernization approach. The first is the view of the colonial state as a central agent tasked to modernize the ‘primitive’ or underdeveloped societies. This view subsumes an image of power and culture where the colonizing power perceives the colonized as infantile and inferior in culture. The second is the perspective that development requires the developed countries to facilitate and enable the developing countries to develop through provision of foreign aid. Consequently, the developing countries are required to learn from the progress, challenges and mistakes of the developed countries. Colonialists extensively used the first viewpoint to subdue and exploit Africa while the second theory is still used by the ex-colonial and imperial powers to continue their subjugation and exploitation of Africa. en_US
dc.publisher CODESRIA en_US
dc.title Post Colonial Politics in Kenya en_US
dc.title.alternative The Crises of Postcoloniality in Africa en_US
dc.type Book chapter en_US

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