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A Case Study on Community Participation in Upgrading-Coping Strategies in Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya

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dc.contributor.author Akiri, Morris
dc.date.accessioned 2015-05-27T13:35:48Z
dc.date.available 2015-05-27T13:35:48Z
dc.date.issued 2005-08
dc.identifier.uri http://erepo.usiu.ac.ke/11732/267
dc.description Project submitted to the School of Business in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Degree of Masters in Business Administration (MBA). en_US
dc.description.abstract The general purpose of this study was to establish the level of community participation in planning and development of their community. The study was guided by the following research questions: To what extent were communities involved in planning, design and implementation of upgrading projects in Kibera; What were the key barriers/hindrances to the community participation in Kibera; What were the long term coping strategies of communities in upgrading systems in Kibera; What policy implementation strategies should be put in place in Kibera to encourage community participation in the planning and development of the area? An explanation research design was considered appropriate for the study in Kibera, Nairobi. In the study, physical representation of the target population was considered and this consisted of individual households and institutions that were potential members of the sample. The sampling frame was from Nairobi city council NCC planning department and non probability sampling technique was used in this study where three villages were selected to participate in the study. The principle of purposive sampling selection was used in the study. It is a procedure by which the elements in the population do not have any probabilities attached to their being chosen as sample subjects.the research covered three villages of the total thirteen in the area and the villages selected included lindi laini saba and kisumu ndogo. The subjects in this study were family units and 50 subjects were interviewed in each village.additionally two institutions were interviewed in each village.in total 150 family units and 6 institutions were interviewed. The majo methods used to obtain data in the study included personal interviews,semi-structured questionnaires and observation techniques .a normative interview approach was used during the study and a forty-minute interview protocol was designed to address the specific research questions. The findings revealed that there was a positive attitude of the people of kibera towards community participation but without a clear knowledge and practicality to forge forward little could be achieved in the upgrading process. Further community participation in kibera was not oriented towards community empowerment. A number of barriers towards community participation were also identified this were grouped into personal,service,community and policy barriers. Another key finding was that crippling poverty hurt the community’s desire to participate either partially or fully in the implementation and completion of their upgrading systems. building capacity and resources base was found to be the key policy implementation strategy in encouraging community participation in the planning and development of kibera. A participatory plan making process was necessary, not only to be accountable and open with as wide range of consultations but also to be as judicious mix of top-towns and bottom-up approaches. The main long term coping strategy was to liaise with other donors for resource, capacity building, net working and moral support. This could be achieved through partnerships and collaborations with corporate bodies, development and non-governmental organizations who were interested in this noble course. The main recommendation arising from this study is that community participation in kibera should be permeate every level of decision making, either indirectly or directly. Additionally trust should be built to increase effectiveness by sharing perceptions, insights and knowledge through synergy. Community-based strategies and policies should emphasize the importance of working directly with the community residents and their organizations as investment is all very well, but the benefits are unlikely to accrue to the neediest unless they are active participants in the decision making process. en_US
dc.publisher United States International University - Africa en_US
dc.subject Strategy en_US
dc.title A Case Study on Community Participation in Upgrading-Coping Strategies in Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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