Studies in crime and Violence protection In Kenya- A tool for training

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dc.contributor.author USIU-Africa
dc.contributor.author Kenya School of Government
dc.date.accessioned 2016-05-05T06:12:46Z
dc.date.available 2016-05-05T06:12:46Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.isbn 978-9966-31-366-9
dc.identifier.uri http://erepo.usiu.ac.ke/11732/2442
dc.description Crime Prevention Training is a collaborative project between United States International University (USIU) and Kenya School of Government (KSG), funded by Open Society Initiative East Africa (OSIEA) through its Crime and Violence Prevention Initiative. It was launched in 2011-2012 as a modular training at KSG which brought together government, civil society and academia to learn together about crime prevention in Kenya. The success has led to further phases of training and adaptation to fit the changing context of devolved government in Kenya. List of Contributors Professor Kennedy Mkutu is an Associate Professor of International Relations at the United States International University in Nairobi, and Lead Coordinator for the Crime Prevention Training Mr Gerard Wandera is a Deputy Director and a Senior Principal Lecturer in Public Policy and Procurement at the Kenya School of Government and Coordinator for the Crime Prevention Training. Ms. Jaqueline Mbogo is the program manager for Health and Rights and former program manager for crime and criminal justice at the Open Society Initiative for Eastern Africa (OSIEA) and founding member of the Usalama forum. Dr Mutuma Ruteere is the Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination and xenophobia and related intolerance for the UN Commission on Human Rights since 2011. He is also Director at Centre for Human Rights and Policy Studies in Nairobi Kenya. He has worked extensively with OSIEA and is part of the team planning and facilitating Crime Prevention Training. Ms. Lainie Reisman is an Independent Consultant in Crime and Violence. She has worked extensively with OSIEA and was part of the team planning and facilitating Phases One and Two of the Crime Prevention Training. Mr Obondo Kajumbi is Technical Advisor for Public Administration, Kenya School of Governance at Kenya School of Government and Assistant Coordinator for the Crime Prevention Training Mr Mathais Mwita is a former Officer in the Ministry of Gender, Children & Social Development, Kuria. He has carried out extensive work as a research assistant for Professor Suzette Heald, on Sungusungu in Kuria. Dr Tessa Mkutu is a General Medical Practitioner in Nairobi and has contributed to several reports on impacts of crime and violence in East Africa. en_US
dc.description.abstract Crime and violence matter. Violence results in 1.5 million deaths each year and is a leading cause of death worldwide for people aged 15–44 years. The ‘Global Burden of Armed Violence Report’ noted in 2008 that the deaths and injuries that occur in non-conflict or non-war settings far outweigh those from conflict and war (Geneva Declaration Secretariat, 2008), and East Africa’s non-conflict homicide rates are fifth highest in the world based on available national statistics. Crime and violence hamper economic growth and development and impact upon social cohesion, governance and state stability. Moreover, violence breeds further violence; victimization and perpetration are linked and the lines between different expressions of violence from domestic to collective political violence are blurred (World Bank (2011). Thus crime and violence across the world are increasingly viewed as an urgent development issue (World Bank 2009). In Kenya, economic decline in recent decades and a steadily increasing population has contributed to high levels of poverty and inequality, which has fuelled crime. This is concentrated in Nairobi and other urban centers but is also affecting rural areas (World Bank 2011). The post-election violence in 2007-2008 may be attributed in part to social, political and economic exclusion of certain sectors of the population (World Bank, 2011). Kenyan youth (those between 15 and 35) constitute approximately a third of the Kenyan population. Around 75% of these are unemployed, and lack of opportunities contribute to increased anti-social behavior such as crime, violence, alcoholism, prostitution, drug trafficking and abuse, as well as cases of depression and suicide. Notably over 50% of the prison population is between 16 and 25 years of age (GOK, 2010). The outcome of deteriorating security at the local level is fear, reduced mobility, reduced school attendance, economic loss, erosion of trust and an overall reduced quality of life (World Bank, 2011). Fear has led Kenyans in some areas to accept informal groups offering a kind of security, thereby leading to compliance and allegiance to the said groups. The number of informal vigilante groups has been rising in recent decades and new forms of gangster activities have been noted such as that represented in the neo-traditionalist Mungiki sect characterized by extortion, murders and beheadings (Anderson, 2002). Related to this is mob justice, which is becoming commonplace in Kenya and most Kenyans have witnessed episodes of stoning or burning individuals for petty thievery. This is in part, a symptom of the lack of trust of ordinary people in the police and legal system. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Open Society Initiative East Africa (OSIEA) en_US
dc.publisher © Kenya School of Government and United States International University-Africa en_US
dc.subject Crime Prevention en_US
dc.title Studies in crime and Violence protection In Kenya- A tool for training en_US
dc.type Book en_US

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